Bridge is a card game. So it needs a deck of cards to play with.
The deck of card used is the “standard” playing card we see normally being played on computer or table by young or old. It consists of 52 cards with 4 suits and so 13 cards in a suit.
The 4 kinds of “suits” from the higher ranking to the lower ranking are:
Spades and Clubs are traditionally in black color, while Hearts and Diamonds are in red. Because of this there will be term “Black Suits” and “Red Suits“.
Also Spade and Heart will be called “Major Suits” – because they are 2 of the higher rank. Diamond and Club then will be refered as “Minor Suits“.
Each suit has 13 cards in series: Ace (A), King(K), Queen (Q), Jack (J), Ten (T), 9,8,7,6,5,4,3 and 2 (also refer as deuce).
Within a same suit, Ace is the highest card (no card beat Ace) while 2 is the lowest. The top 4 highest cards – Ace , King, Queen, Jack – are called Honor Card.
In notation, each of the card will be written as:
To refer individual card, we can call them by the denomination and then the suits, for example: King of Heart, Ace of Spade, Ten of Diamond, etc.
Note: When you buy the deck of card in your local store, you usually will be given 2 additional cards that has no use in bridge: the Jokers. You can take these Joker cards from the pack, because we will not use them.